Christian County

Christian County Court House

Taylorville, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Christian County Courthouse
P.O. Box 647
Taylorville, IL 62858
Phone: 217-824-4969

The name of Christian was suggested from the fact that so many of the inhabitants at that time were from Christian County, Kentucky.

The first judicial term was held at Taylorville, Nov. 4, 1839. In absence of a courthouse its sessions were held in a small frame house, 12 by 14 feet, owned by hw Vandeveer and situated on the north side of the public square. 

Clay County

Clay County Court House

Louisville, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Clay County Courthouse
P.O. Box 160
Louisville, IL 62858
Phone: 618-665-3626

Named for Henry Clay, a statesman and political orator, Representative in Congress and United States Senator from Kentucky, three times Speaker of the United States House of Representative, famous as the author of the political measures know as the “Missouri Compromise,” and a prominent candidate for the Presidency.

Clinton County

Clinton Court House

Carlyle, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Clinton County Courthouse
850 Fairfax Street
Carlyle, IL 62231
Phone: 618-594-2464 ext:630

Named for DeWitt Clinton,a distinguished lawyer, financier and statesman, Mayor of the city, Governor of the State of New York and promoter of the Erie Canal. Clinton County was created on December27, 1824 and was formed from Bond and Washington Counties.

Effingham County

Effingham County Court House

Effingham, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Effingham County Courthouse
101 N. 4th Street
P.O. Box 628
Effingham, IL 62401
Phone: 217-342-6535

Named for Lord Effingham, who resigned his commission as general in the British army in 1775, refusing to serve in the war against the colonies. Although formally established by law in 1831, an act to organize Effingham County was not approved by the legislature until December 20, 1832. This act provided for the election of the first county officials in January 1833.

Fayette County

Feyette County Court house

Vandalia, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Fayette County Courthouse
221 South 7th Street
Vandalia, IL 62471
Phone: 618-283-5000

Named in honor of the Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, the famous French General who fought for the colonies in the Revolutionary War.

The first of the three capitol buildings to stand in Vandalia was a plain two-story frame structure. Old State Capitol. The entire first floor served as a meeting place for the House of Representatives, while the second floor was divided into rooms for the Senate and the Council of Revisions, which consisted of the governor and justices of the Illinois Supreme Court.

Jasper County

Jasper County Court House

Jasper, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Newton County Courthouse
100 West Jourdan Street
Newton, IL 62448
Phone: 618-783-2524

Named for William Jasper, a Sergeant of the Revolution who, during the action in Charleston harbor, replaced the flag shot away at Fort Moultrie, and later was killed at Savannah in 1779.

Marion County

Marion Court House

Salem, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Marion County Courthouse
101 E. Broadway
P.O. Box 637
Salem, IL 62881
Phone: 618-548-3400

Named for Francis Marion, a soldier of the Revolution who distinguished himself as a partisan commander in the Carolinas.

Salem was founded in 1823 as the County Seat of the newly formed Marion County.

Montgomery County

Montgomery Court House

Hillsboro, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Montgomery County Courthouse
120 North Main St.
Hillsboro, IL 62049
Phone: 618-532-9530

Named for Richard Montgomery, a Revolutionary General, of Irish birth, who was killed before Quebec on December 31, 1775. The first courthouse was a 20′ by 24′, two-story structure built of “hewn logs” and partially completed for the first term of circuit court to be held there June 17 and 18, 1824.

Shelby County

Shelby County Court House

Shelbyville, County Seat

Courthouse Contact information
Shelby County Courthouse
301 E. Main Street
Shelbyville, IL 62565
Phone: 618-774-4421

Named for Isaac Shelby, a soldier of the Revolution and Indian wars, Governor of Kentucky from 1792 to 1796 and again from 1812 to 1816. He commanded the Kentucky troops in the battle of Thames in the War of 1812.

The first judge of the circuit embracing Shelby county was Theophilus W. Smith, of the Supreme Court, whose term of office, as circuit judge, extended from 1828 to 1835.

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